Is it ADD or Convergence Insufficiency?

child having her eyes examined

Did you know that problems with a child’s vision can have a dramatic effect on their ability to perform at school?


Many of the signs and symptoms of Attention Deficit Disorder are similar to those of Convergence Insufficiency (an eye co-ordination deficiency). Both conditions can make it difficult for a student to concentrate in class, resulting in reduced reading efficiency and trouble completing assignments. Treatment of Convergence Insufficiency (with eye exercises or glasses) can improve the ability to complete schoolwork successfully.

How to help your child use vision effectively:

1. Balance visual activities: Introduce 5-minute rest breaks for computer or study sessions longer than 30-45 minutes. Alternate such sessions with recreational (preferably outdoor) activities.

2. Enforce vision care rules: It’s important to ensure that proper lighting, posture, viewing distance and eyeglasses (if needed) are used for all visual tasks.

3. Rest and nutrition: Sufficient sleep and healthy food support healthy eyes and good vision.

4. Annual eye examinations: In Ontario, comprehensive eye examinations for children 19 years of age and under arecovered by OHIP once every 12 months. Make an eye examination with a Doctor of Optometry a regular part of your child’s regular health care routine.

Provided by:
Dr Catherine Chiarelli
Ontario Association of Optometrists


 Thanks to the Doctors of Optometry at the Ontario Association of Optometrists, we have a list of informative articles on children’s vision. If you found this article helpful, you may also like the ones listed below.


Be sure to check out previous articles generously written for us by the doctors of the OAO, including:

Written By

I founded Mums 'n Chums in 2009 after realizing that the area I live in was drastically underserviced as compared to surrounding areas for support and activities for growing families. Mums 'n Chums grew popular very quickly and I have been dedicated to nurturing that growth through frequent networking, social media engagement and in person meetups. By the end of its first year, Mums 'n Chums had close to 500 members and was receiving regular inquiries from fans outside of its service area, asking when we would be expanding to serve them as well. After much careful research and polling, I expanded the site in May of 2011 to cover the entire North end of the GTA (from Cambridge to Markham), areas I believe are still receiving far less attention than they deserve from other sites and family services. We also changed the focus from small scale local mom and tot meetups to more of an informative purpose, closing down our forum and adding several talented contributors to the blog. We do still offer several large scale family events per year, such as our popular Birthday Bash events and our Holiday Bash in December. Our contests have also become a member favourite, and we strive to offer amazing prizes from trusted brands like Babies R Us, La Roche Posay, Johnson's Baby and many more. In March of 2016, after months of work spent migrating all of the site's content to a new platform, Mums 'n Chums re-launched with its fresh, new look. The changes and expansion have proven a great success and we're still getting inquiries from several other cities within the Greater Toronto Area, whom we have decided to serve as well. I have built this site and its' reputation carefully and look forward to continuing its growth!